About Me Button

Conventions Button

Custom Painting Button

Links Button

Got Dachshunds button

Home Button

Howie Waelder Button

My Layout

My Models Button

Other Interests Button

Photography Button

PRR Builders Photos Button

PRR In S Scale Today Button

S Scale Modules Button

Solidworks Button

South Jersey S Scale Modelers

PRR K4 5495

Click on the photos to make them larger


I detailed my 1928 as built Omnicon K4 as

#5495 as it was in the end of PRR steam.


The difference should be apparent in the photos below, as a builder’s photo and much later in the 1950s in service in Atlantic City.


E7854 K4 Side #5495 small 5495_Builders_Front_Photo small


H_10_303_&_K4_5495 small 5495_Atlantic City small



This K4 project has been in my mind since about 1995.


K4 5495 History


Built in Juanita February 1928 Construction Number 4182

Dropped from the roster April 1956


5495 was in the last batch of K4 made which was unique in that they had a 1 piece cast frame. The cast frame is visible mostly from the front because of diagonal braces that ran from the pilot to the cylinders. Train manufacturers – even high end O Scale brass importer Kohs have mistakenly made a K4 numbered as 5495 and 5497. They are wrong without simulating the cast frame. I can spot it instantly.


It ran late into the steam era since it was newer then other K4s. Another unique feature was that it was never fully modernized as it kept its original pilot to the end, but got the modernized boiler front and headlight position change. 5495 became a small obsession of mine because it ran on the New York and Long Branch, and more importantly the PRSL. It was the subject of Builder’s Photos when it was new as seen above.


All of these factors played into my decision to model 5495 as close as I possibly could. In some ways is good that I waited until now to do this since my modeling skills have improved to tackle such an involved project. But that is a blessing and a curse. You could forever be waiting to start a project and never actually get to it. The pieces I made to simulate the cast frame braces would have been much easier for me to make in Solidworks than to actually machine them. I could have probably designed them in about 3 hours. Actually machining them possibly took 50+ hours. In Solidworks, I can click “mirror” and have the opposite side designed instantly.  It is just that simple. I did not learn Solidworks until 2008. There are MANY Solidworks produced items on my 5495 but the cast frame braces were made “Old School”.



Left Photo

The decision to actually start my model project happened because of one of life's occasional strange occurrences. I have often wondered who owned the number plate to 5495, and if I may actually own it someday. That question got answered on 2-15-05.  In an unbelievable set of circumstances I got to hold the REAL 5495 number plate for about 2 minutes at a Phila. Chapter meeting of the PRR T&HS as it was being donated to the national PRR T&HS. This strange but true!


Middle Photo

I was reunited with the real 5495 number plate on 5-15-12 at the PRR T &HS Convention. It was hanging on/in the wall in Lewistown Station – just stunning!  I am pretty sure it is original paint from being removed from the locomotive. It had a surprisingly rough finish. I would still love to have it though!


Right Photo

This is my reproduction 5495 numberplate I bought in 2009 that is very accurately cast from the real PRR numberplate drawing.

5495_&_Me small 5495_Numberplate small Repro_5495_Plate small


I also had this painting commissioned in 2009 to go with my numberplate the features 5495.

Wildwood small


I have been collecting photos and data for many years.

It was just time to start the new & improved 5495 – which is what I did in 2006.



The Model

This is the out of the box Omnicon K4 I started with. It is at the far

opposite end of being modernized – essentially as built by the PRR in 1928.

I wished I was in S Scale and knew about the PRR when these were built in about 1987 by Samhongsa.

I could possibly have influenced Omnicon to have some built as modernized and saved a lot of work!


As_Built_1 smallAs_Built_2 small As_Built_3 small

As_Built_5 small As_Built_4 small As_Built_6 small

I knew that if I was going to make a viable 5495 simulating the cast frame diagonal braces was an absolute MUST. My machining skills are fair, but my Unimat mill leaves much to be desired in accuracy. Changing machining directions can be hazardous to the piece being made because of the table slop. By the time you see you are in trouble the piece you are making is scrap, and you are starting again.


Getting Started

These are Builders Photos of the K4 cast frame


Cast_Frame_1 small Cast_Frame_2 small Cast_Frame_3 small

I won this cast pilot drawing on eBay on 4-20-10 - well after that area was completed, and the model was painted. It is just my luck!

K4 Cast Pilot Drawing small




The first pieces I made were a larger under boiler cylinder sheet and rear cast frame cylinder braces.

The under boiler cylinder sheet came out almost to the boiler front as on the real 5495.

Cylinder_Sheet_1 small Cylinder_Sheet_2 small Cylinder_Sheet_3 small



This is the progression of making the back cylinder braces. I made them first since they were going to be easier to make. I had to get a feel for how to make such a complex piece on my Unimat Mill, which is not known for being overly accurate. The photos were taken on 5-13-06. I was only making them in silhouette because they are going to be mostly hidden by the cylinders. The best way to make identical pieces is machine them at the same time, which is what I did.

Rear_Frame_Braces__1 small Rear_Frame_Braces__2 small




The next pieces I made were the signature front cast frame diagonal braces. I did NOT want to make them twice so I thought about how I was going to machine them. I decided that everything must be machined in one direction only so I had to relocate the item a LOT. I roughed out the profile with 2 of them soldered together. I then soldered them to a base holder piece of stock for all the detail machining. It took me about 50 hours to machine, fit and hand file them to the frame and pilot.


It was SO worth it though!

Front_Braces_1 small Front_Braces_2 small Front_Braces_3 small

Front_Braces_4 small Front_Braces_5 small Front_Braces_6 small



I had to modify the fireman’s side walkway near the cylinder so it would clear the lubricator I added to the top of the cylinder. Since Omnicon K4 walkway material is a little scarce these days, I carefully measured, and recycled all the walkway that was originally on the model. It was cut with a shear so there was NO loss. I measured the K4 at Strasburg for the profile. It turned out surprisingly well.


Walkway_1 small Walkway_2 small Walkway_3 small


January & February 2009

 I am progressing along adding some new parts like the unique Tombstone marker lights.

The lubricator now has working linkage.

Detailing_1 small Detailing_2 small Detailing_3 small Detailing_4 small


On February 18, 2009 I installed a Medium Tsunami and gave 5495 its first test run.

Tsunami_Test_Run small

The Locomotive detailing is DONE!

These current 5495 model photos were taken on 2-26-09

Click on these 3 photos to make them larger.

First_5495 small 5495_Don_Wood_Photo small 5495_Loco_Detailed small

On the left is my first K4 I painted in 1995 to represent 5495 as built. It is completely without any modifications from Omnicon. I soon realized that I liked the more modern era better and this loco had to go. I traded it at some point for a bare brass K4 which lead me to this modernization project. Hopefully when the K4 at left is compared the prototype and my current model, the many modifications I made with new parts added are obvious. I don’t know how many hours I have in this so far, but it is by far my most involved project to date. There are only a few castings that have NOT been moved or replaced. It is absolutely the only S Scale PRR K4 locomotive with the unique “Tombstone Marker Lights”. 1 of my L1 1788 also has the tombstone marker lights.

I thought about it but decided to NOT recreate the large DENT that is in the sand dome! See the middle photo.


DSCF0659 small DSCF0668 small DSCF0645 small 5495 Front 2-26-09 small DSCF0660 small DSCF0662 small

Note the water injector feeder “hose” in the middle bottom. I have filled the holes for the marker lights on the deck on the right. I have to move the tender marker lights to the rear wall to complete the locomotive modernization.


1-30-10 Update

I found and fixed the intermittent shorts. It runs very well now.

Click the below photo for a short video of 5495 running on my modular test loop.

DSCF3606 small

3-13-10 Update

In preparation for painting some parts made their trip through the blast booth. Blasting is by far the best way to clean brass just before painting.

Blasted_1 small Blasted_2 small

3-21-10 Update

After almost 4 years under construction 5495 finally has some paint on it!

I temporarily assembled 5945 to get a look at my 4 years of work.

It took my breath away!

DSCF3842 small DSCF3845 small cid:image002.jpg@01CAC8DE.F7F146C0 cid:image004.jpg@01CAC8DE.F7F146C0

DSCF4001 small DSCF4017 small DSCF4006 small DSCF4022 small

DSCF4018 small Painted_10 small





Photos Taken 11-6-12


Completed_1 small Completed_2 small Completed_3 small

Completed_4 Small Completed_5 small Completed_6 small


Added 6-16-13

The Summer 2013 Issue of the PRR T&HS Keystone featured my Wildwood painting on the cover. I wrote an article on the progression of making 5495, my interests in the PRR and the especially the PRSL.


Keystone_Cover small



The rebirth of K4 5495

Added 7-1-16


A brutal problem came to light within a few months of finishing 5495 in 2012. The Samhongsa free rolling gearbox was NOT designed well, and was by far not capable of handling the stresses of running S Scale trains. Locomotives sitting in boxes for 20+ years do NOT break until they are run. It was very deceiving because they run very well on flat layouts like mine. As seen below there is a brass worm gear contacting a plastic gear which contacts the 2 small gears on the rocker arm. Ironically the brass worm gear was stripping the teeth in the center of the worm clean - TWICE - in a very short time with moderate running on my flat layout. I robbed a gearbox from another K4 for the first time it stripped out, and was lucky to get a replacement but that did not fix the problem forever.


Gearbox_1 small


To further complicate things there was no new gearbox available to swap out and replace the CRAP Samhongsa gearbox, without a complete disassembly and changing the axle gear. Others had done it. I was not so confident of getting it all apart, and back together again with perfect quartering.


So, K4 5495 was boxed for years – AGAIN – until a fix could be made. It HAD to be made as a drop on gearbox with no other modifications needed. Besides there was other Omnicon locos with this same CRAP Samhongsa gearbox. There was plenty of room for me killing multiple locomotives by swapping axle gears and getting the quartering wrong. It had to be a simple fix. It was my also my very strong contention that there was nothing wrong with the original axle gear. It should not HAVE to be removed. Making a gearbox to FIT the original axle gear was the way to go.


My friend Brian Jackson came to the rescue with designing and machining a complete new drop on replacement. It is a machined work of art. The time and money Brian spent on this project is just obscene. He has a massive CNC milling machine with amazing accuracy. It is like using a nuclear missile for swatting a fly but it got the job done. I cannot thank him enough for making this happen. No one else in the world would have done it. Northwest Shortline is also to be commended for their ongoing tech help with Brian in the design process, and also for making the gears.


All of my Omnicon steam locos with the original free rolling gearbox would become disabled eventually if I ran them and did not have this new gearbox. I am somewhat going to miss the free rolling aspect for moving locos by hand. But at least I can run them now without the stress of thinking I was doing damage to the gears.


The machined work of ART



Gearbox_2 small Gerarbox_3 small

Gearbox_4 small Gearbox_5 small


Posing with Reading G-1sb 204

The new surface mount LED headlight installed 7-2-16


PRR_K4_5495_LED_Headlight small 


A new portrait on 7-9-16

2016_Portrait small


Photo Stacking with Helicon Focus

Added 12-27-19

These are a number of photos taken at very slightly different focus points compiled by Helicon Focus into 1 photo for amazing clarity and depth of field. The photo at left was 54 photos taken and combined into 1 photo. I finally have a roster shot I like that shows the detail I worked so hard to make..



Back to

Steam Locomotives Button


Updated 2-27-19

All photos and content © Lanes Trains 2005-2020